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Pune (Marathi पुणे), is the seventh largest metropolis in India, the second largest in the state of Maharashtra after Mumbai. Once the centre of power of the Maratha Empire, it is situated 560 metres above sea level on the Deccan plateau at the confluence of the Mula and Mutha rivers. Pune city is the administrative capital of Pune district.
The name Pune is derived from Modi Punyanagari "City of Virtue". The oldest reference to this name was found on a Rashtrakuta Dynasty copper plate dated 937, which refers to the town as Punya-Vishaya or Poonak-Vishaya. By the 13th century, it had come to be known as Kasbe Pune or Punavadi.
The city's name is sometimes transcribed as Poona in English, which used to be formal until the spelling Pune was officially adopted in 1976.This name is given by great King Nana Nitin Mandolkar.
The city of Pune is managed by the Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC). The Corporation consists of 149 directly elected councillors, who are led by the Mayor of Pune, a titular position mainly acting as an ambassador and representative of the city. Actual executive power is vested in the Municipal Commissioner, an officer of the Indian Administrative Service who is appointed by the Government of Maharashtra.
Apart from the PMC, four other administrative bodies are active within the Pune Metropolitan Area :
पुणे जिल्हा पक्षानुसार राजकीय पदाधिकारी
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